To see the introduction to this series: Views of the International Game of Space Strategy Part 1: Introduction
China’s journey to become a space power began in 1958, nine months after the Soviet Union Launched Sputnik-1, even though they didn’t launch its first satellite until April 1970. The delay self-imposed by China as they watched the dynamic space race between the Soviet Union and the United States. In the 1980s China began to move their space program with purpose, throwing significant economic and political resources into becoming a space power. 
At this time, China is second only to the United States in the number of operational satellites. China has been expanding its Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) program and Anti-Satellite weapons program. In 2007, China tested a kinetic energy anti-satellite interceptor, causing other space powers to re-examine their space strategy. 
As Christopher M. Stone, Professor of Space Strategy at Missouri State University’s Graduate Department of Defense and Strategic Studies in Washington, DC. and former Special Assistant to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy at the Pentagon, wrote, “Chinese strategic writings and their continued advancement and deployment of kinetic energy anti-satellite programs highlight the value of the offensive realist perspective as a predictor and assessor of Chinese cost–benefit calculus regarding their counterspace program. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) strategists Li Hechun and Chen Youong stated, ‘Anti-satellite weapons can be developed at low cost and that can strike at the enemy’s enormously expensive yet vulnerable space systems will become an important option… to deter… powerful enemies.’ Chinese strategists have also written that they view the vulnerability of the US critical space infrastructure as ‘soft ribs’ that provide a low threshold option to utilize in crisis or war to shape events to their advantage.” 
While China officially advocates the peaceful use of space, and it is pursuing agreements at the United Nations on the non-weaponization of space, it continues to improve its counterspace weapons capabilities and reform its military to integrate cyberspace, space, and EW into joint military operations.
The PLA views space superiority, the ability to control the information sphere, and denying adversaries the same as key components of conducting modern “informatized" wars. China’s PLA watched the American armed forces in the 1991 Gulf War very closely and launched an effort to modernize its weapon systems and update doctrine to place the focus on using and countering adversary information enabled warfare. The PLA also sees counterspace operations as a means to deter and counter a possible U.S. intervention during a regional military conflict. PLA analysis of U.S. and allied military operations states that “destroying or capturing satellites and other sensors” would make it difficult to use precision guided weapons. Moreover, PLA writings suggest that reconnaissance, communications, navigation, and early warning satellites could be among the targets of attacks designed to “blind and deafen the enemy.” 
While China does have a complex web of organizations devoted to space comprised of civil, political, “commercial” and military sectors, the PLA has historically managed and invested in China’s space program. With this and the knowledge of China’s space and counterspace emphasis, the idea of China’s future concept of a “civilian” moon base is seen by western powers as a violation of international treaties on use of the moon for military purposes.
Next week: Views of the International Game of Space Strategy Part 3: Russia's Space Strategy
 Challenges to Space Security, The Defense Intelligence Agency, January 2019 https://www.dia.mil/Portals/27/Documents/News/Military%20Power%20Publications/Space_Threat_V14_020119_sm.pdf
 A review of space strategy worldviews (part 1): 2011 National Security Space Strategy, Stone Christopher M. , The Space Review January 18, 2021 https://thespacereview.com/article/4106/1
 A review of space strategy worldviews (part 1): 2011 National Security Space Strategy
 Challenges to Space Security